Egypt, Ethiopia - Sudan, Abyssinia, the Freemasonic Orientalist Fallacy of Ethiopianism, and Nubia
Dr. Muhammad Shamsaddin Megalommatis
February 25, 2010
In this article, I will examine a bogus-historical term that has been constructed by the Freemasonic Orientalist ateliers and academia of France and England to further spread confusion in the wider region, and ? more importantly ? consolidate the two fallacies in the area, namely the pseudo-doctrines of Pan-Arabism and Ethiopianism: Nubia.
One must eventually refer beforehand to my earlier publications "Fake Sudan (Real Ethiopia) and Fake Ethiopia (Real Abyssinia): what is at stake?" and "Sudan (Real Ethiopia), Abyssinia (Fake Ethiopia): Evil Progeny of Pan-Arabism and Ethiopianism" to better understand the nature and the targets of the colonial interference and forgery.
Freemasonic Orientalist Projection of False Identities onto Africans
Summarizing the subject briefly, I would state that the customary colonial attitude of creating fake identities and projecting them onto the targeted victims ? peoples, involved in the case of Sudan and Abyssinia (fake Ethiopia) the following binary method:
1. Projection onto the Kushitic Arabic speaking populations of Central Sudan (who constitute the colonial state´s ruling elite) of a fake Pan-Arabist doctrine that would make of the Kushitic Arabic speaking populations of Sudan "Arabs" (therefore Semites), totally cutting them off the historical greatness and heritage of Ancient Kush (Cush) / Ethiopia. This would totally deform and alter the real identity of the Kushitic Arabic speaking populations of Central Sudan, effectively detaching them from their historical monuments, study, research, exploration and interpretation; the end result would be a) the prevention of an all-inclusive National History of Ethiopia (this is the correct name of Sudan) and b) the rise of a historically baseless and ignorant elite unable to run the country as per the indigenous peoples´ interests and incapable to properly assess the national history of the country.
2. Projection onto the Semitic Amhara and Tigray Abyssinians (who constitute the ruling elite of the colonial state that is fallaciously called ´Ethiopia´, and govern tyrannically the numerous subjugated non-Semitic, Kushitic and Nilo-Saharan nations) of a fake Ethiopianist doctrine that would make of the Semitic Amhara and Tigray Abyssinians (who originate from Ancient Yemen) "amalgamated Kushites and Semites", treacherously attributing to them the historical greatness and heritage of Ancient Kush (Cush) / Ethiopia. This would facilitate the (unlawful and fake) justification of the Abyssinian occupation of Kushitic Ethiopian lands belonging to Oromos, Afars, Sidamas, Kaffas, Kambaatas and others.
This execrable machination would be at the origin of a prospective enlargement of the fabricated, fake state of Ethiopia with the later attribution of other adjacent lands, namely Ogaden, Somalia, Eritrea (at a first stage) and detached parts of Sudan, such as the South, the Red Sea Beja land, and the progressively depopulated Nubia in the North (whereby the erection of high dams leads to forced relocation).
The fallacious attribution of the historical greatness and heritage of Ancient Kush (Cush) / Ethiopia to the Semitic Amhara and Tigray Abyssinians has only one reason and one target, namely the (historically fake) support of the creation of a Greater Ethiopia stretching from today´s Egyptian ? Sudanese borderline to the Kenyan coastlands.
Oppressed peoples of Abyssinia and Sudan, and the Sudanese elites should truly realize what is hidden behind the pretensions expressed by the ignorant, fanatic, and racist Amhara and Tigray Abyssinian professors and writers over the 25th dynasty of Egypt. That dynasty was formed by several Kushitic Ethiopian kings of Napata, today´s Karima in North Sudan, who, after being accepted by Amun´s Theban clergy, ruled over Ancient Sudan, i.e. Ethiopia and Ancient Egypt, until they were evacuated from Egypt by the invading Assyrian army of Assarhaddon (in 671 BCE) and Assurbanipal (in 669 and 666 BCE). That dynasty was normally called ´Ethiopian´ by the Ancient Greeks because these Pharaohs originated from Napata, the capital of the Ancient Sudanese state that the Greeks named Ethiopia ? which has nothing to do with the Semitic Abyssinians, whose ancestors at those days lived in Yemen, not Africa.
The criminal usurpation of the heritage and the historical tradition of the Ancient Kushitic / Ethiopian Pharaohs of Egypt, Shabaka, Shabataka, Taharqa and Tanutamun, by the racist and chauvinist pseudo-professors of Abyssinia, the fallacious incorporation of that historical period into the totally constructed and absolutely false historical doctrine of Abyssinia (Ethiopianism), and the parallel disregard expressed by the ruling elite of Sudan for the heritage and the historical tradition of the Ancient Kushitic / Ethiopian Pharaohs of Egypt (and the pre-Islamic past of Sudan in general) do not represent a mere coincidence. They merely illuminate several secret paragraphs of the Freemasonic Orientalist agenda and the Greater Ethiopia plan ? which is of absolutely Freemasonic nature and origin.
Through the trickery of false identities projected onto the various victims, through a vast falsification effort that transforms historical reality to a non-event and makes of numerous assorted lies a fake history, and through the fallacious identification of the Satanic Tewahedo Abyssinian religion with Christianity, the Freemasonic rulers of Paris, London and Washington intend to eliminate Islam from the entire eastern African region and to replace it with a fake Christianity that would never be recognized by the Coptic Patriarchate of Alexandria, the only authentic representative of Christianity in Africa. But this goes out of the scope of the present article.
A Bogus-historical Term: Nubia
As the general outline is clear, I will now proceed with the main part of the article and the bogus-historical term Nubia. Before advancing, I want to clarify a few points that may upset my Nubian readers.
The aforementioned subtitle does not mean that Nubia does not exist or that the Nubian people disappeared. Even more, it does not imply in any sense that the Nubians did not contribute to great works and real masterpieces in the lands where they lived. Once more, the aforementioned does not mean that the Nubians did not excel in religion, theology, sciences, arts, administration and economy wherever they lived.
Nubia is a geographical term in use for the region inhabited by Nubians today.
Nubian is an ethnic term in use for the people who are Nubian language natives. These people inhabit the south of Egypt (from Luqsor to the Sudanese border) and the north of Sudan (from Wadi Halfa southwards, and as far as Debbah); in Egypt, they speak Kinzi and Fidjeki, whereas in Sudan the prevailing dialects are Halfawi (from Wadi Halfa), Mahas, Sukkot and Danglawi (from Dunqulah / also pronounced as Dongolah). As the Nubians have been a historical people in the wider Eastern African region, this geographical term could eventually be extended in History. But at this point start the problems and the misconceptions.
It is impossible to use a geographical term at the political ? historical level, if the inhabitants of the area do not form a historical state of their own. Typical example is Babylonia; after the Iranians invaded Babylonia, we cannot use this term to denote South Mesopotamia. Only for a few centuries, the area was an Iranian province; later, the name fell into desuetude.
Ancient Egypt or Ancient Nubia ?
As far as Nubians are concerned, we know that they lived among the Egyptians and that a significant minority of Egypt´s population was Nubian. However, there is always a danger for scholars to get confused and mistakenly project perceptions of modern circumstances onto our interpretation of the past. Today, Nubians live in the South of Egypt; however, there is nothing to guarantee to us that the same happened in the Antiquity. More probable it is that they lived throughout the country. They participated in every activity and at all levels, but they never ruled the country.
This means that the Ancient Egyptian temples were shrines for the Egyptians and the Nubians, and that they constitute today cultural heritage and historical tradition for both, Nubians and Egyptians. But we cannot call them Nubian because Nubians never controlled the country where these temples were erected. And we don´t even have an indication that the Ancient Nubians were annoyed, disturbed or frustrated with this fact. During several millennia of Ancient Egyptian History, we have attested many rebellions, revolutions, coups, invasions, counter-revolutions, palatial intrigues, priestly conspiracies, military plots, but we never found any reference to a Nubian uprising.
The most plausible explanation may be that the Nubians never felt their differences from the Egyptians in the way people speaking different native tongues feel their differences from others today. The concept of nation was inexistent during the Antiquity and the Christian ? Islamic Ages. Furthermore, as the Pharaoh was conceived as God, he could not possibly be considered as an Egyptian, e.g. a human. So, there was not an Egyptian king ruling over Nubians in Egypt, but a God reigning over all the country´s inhabitants.
In other words, there is no point in calling the Ancient Egyptian Art as Ancient Nubian Art, the Ancient Egyptian Religion as Ancient Nubian Religion, and the Ancient Egyptian monuments as Ancient Nubian monuments. Nubians were part of all the endeavours carried out in Ancient Egypt, Nubians are part of the heirs of the Ancient Egyptian civilization, but all this happened in Egypt or ? to put it correctly ? in Kemet, as Egypt´s name was for both, Ancient Egyptians and Nubians.
Ancient Nubia or Ancient Ethiopia ?
Irrespective of the military ? political presence of Pharaonic army, every territory beyond Egypt´s end was considered as colony, and was customarily administered by a viceroy. The end of Egypt was precisely the area of the first cataract that starts at Aswan´s southernmost end; there started the first nome of Upper Egypt that was named Ta Seti, and its capital was Abu or Yebu, which is the Ancient Egyptian name of the Elephantine island. In fact, alongside the Nile, the cataracts are truly speaking rapids creating turbulence of water in the river, which makes the navigation almost impossible for small boats. The sacred island of Isis nearby the southern end of the first cataract (today in the area between the small dam, Khazzan, and the High Dam) was therefore Pa-Irek, which means the land of the end.
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The southern border of Egypt was redrawn many times during the Antiquity, reflecting the balance of power between Kemet and Kas. The Ancient Egyptians used many geographical terms to denote parts of today´s Sudanese North; but the state established there was always called Kas. The Ancient Assyrians called that state Mat (land of) Kusi, and the Ancient Hebrews Kush. The Ancient Greeks used a descriptive term to denote the people, the state and the land; it evolved around the skin colour of the indigenous inhabitants. In fact, Aithiopia (Lat. Aethiopia) means the land of the Black people (lit. burnt face people). This reflects as astounding similarity with Ancient Egypt, because Kemet means the Black Land.
Every reference to Ethiopia meant therefore today´s North Sudan, as the southernmost border of Ethiopia (totally unrelated - as I already said - to Abyssinia that did not exist at that time) never reached as much as today´s Central Sudanese city Wad Madani. Deep African forest started at that point, and it was considered impenetrable by ancient armies (or even unnecessary to cross).
In Kush / Ethiopia, we attest exactly the same situation as in Egypt. Nubians lived among the Ethiopians / Kushites, and a significant minority of the country´s population was Nubian. As in the case of Egypt, there is always a danger for scholars to get confused and mistakenly project perceptions of modern circumstances onto our interpretation of the past. Today, Nubians live in the North of Sudan; however, there is nothing to guarantee to us that the same happened in the Antiquity. It is more probable that they lived throughout the country. They participated in every activity and at all levels, but they never ruled the country.
This means that the Ancient Kushitic / Ethiopian temples were shrines for the Ancient Kushites / Ethiopians and the Nubians, and that they constitute today cultural heritage and historical tradition for both, Nubians and Modern Kushites / Ethiopians who are the linguistically arabized descendents of the Ancient Kushites / Ethiopians.
Because of the aforementioned situation, we cannot call these temples and monuments Nubian because Nubians never controlled the country where these temples and monuments were erected. And we don´t even have an indication that they were annoyed, disturbed or frustrated with this fact. During several millennia of Ancient Sudanese, Kushitic /Ethiopian History, we have attested many rebellions, revolutions, coups, invasions, counter-revolutions, palatial intrigues, priestly conspiracies, military plots, but we never found any reference to a Nubian uprising against the Kushite / Ethiopian Qore, as was in Ancient Kushitic / Ethiopian the equivalent term for Pharaoh.
As in the case of Egypt, the most plausible explanation may be that the Nubians never felt their differences from the Ancient Kushites / Ethiopians in the way people speaking different native tongues feel them today. The concept of nation was inexistent during the Antiquity and the Christian ? Islamic Ages. Furthermore, as the Qore was conceived as God, he could not possibly be considered as a Kushite / Ethiopian, e.g. a human.
In other words, there is no point in calling the Ancient Kushitic Art as Ancient Nubian Art, the Ancient Kushitic Religion as Ancient Nubian Religion, and the Ancient Kushitic monuments as Ancient Nubian monuments. Nubians were part of all the endeavours carried out in Ancient Sudan / Kush / Ethiopia, Nubians are part of the heirs of the Ancient Kushitic / Ethiopian civilization, but all this happened in Kush / Ethiopia ? which has nothing to do with Abyssinia (falsely called Ethiopia for the needs of the Freemasonic scheme).
Before entering into a series of refutations and rectifications, it is therefore necessary to make available for average readership the proper contextualization of all the related terms pertaining to countries and peoples.
In fact, Ancient Africa before the Canaanite ? Phoenician colonization of North and Northwestern coastlands of Africa was entirely inhabited by two main groups, the Hamites and the Nilo-Saharans. The ancestors of the modern Bantus were confined into Africa´s southernmost corner and thence they moved northwards relatively recently, which means not in Pre-Christian times, and mainly in the 2nd millennium CE.
Hamites: the term is correct but viciously targeted and proscribed by all the racist European supremacists and colonials because if greatly diffused, educationally assessed, and politically ideologized (as it should have been by all Hamites of today), it could trigger an enormous African confederation stretching from Senegal to Kenya, and from Egypt to Nigeria.
The Hamitic family of peoples comprise mainly of two groups, the Northwestern Hamites and the Eastern Hamites who are customarily called Kushites.
Among the Northwestern Hamites we identify the Ancient Berbers, the ancestors of the modern Tuareg, Berbers, Hausa and Fulani (Peul) and their offspring.
Among the Eastern Kushites, we find the Ancient Ethiopians of Sudan, and their descendents, namely the Arabic speaking Kushites in today´s Central Sudan and the subjugated Oromos, Kaffas, Kambaatas, and Sidamas in Abyssinia. Eastern Kushites comprise of the Ancient Somalis of Punt, and their progeny, the modern Somalis, as well as the Ogadeni and the Kenyan Somalis. Other Kushitic nations are the Agaw, the Bejas and the Afars.
The Ancient Egyptians, at the dawn of their civilization, were not one people, and Egypt was never considered ? by the Ancient Egyptians themselves ? as one country. Kemet was made of two lands, Lower Egypt and the Delta (represented by the lower and red-coloured Egyptian crown at the head of every Pharaoh), and Upper Egypt in the South, up to the first cataract (represented by the upper and white-coloured Egyptian crown at the head of every Pharaoh). The union effectuated by Narmer ca. 2950 BCE was indeed a union of two closely affiliated peoples who kept the memory of their different origin down to the Christian times, although they had been totally amalgamated much earlier (certainly before the rise of the New Empire, ca. 1530 BCE).
Data collected from almost every period of Ancient Egypt allow us to identify the Lower Egyptians as Northwestern Hamites and the Upper Egyptians as Eastern Hamites very close to the Ancient Kushites / Ethiopians.
The Nilo-Saharan family of peoples comprise many modern nations, namely the Nubians, the Nuba, the An(y)uak, the Shellok, the Dinka, the Nuer, the Luo, and others. In the Antiquity, the only Nilo-Saharan people we can definitely identify as such are the Nubians of Egypt and Kush / Ethiopia /Sudan.
One Nubian State and one Nubian Temple
In fact, the only Nubian state that existed before the Modern Era was the Christian Kingdom of Nobatia that comprised parts of today´s Egypt and a relatively small part of today´s Sudan, around its capital, Faras that was located a few kilometers before today´s Sudanese borderline (currently under the waters of the Nubian Lake that has been formed behind the Aswan High Dam).
For more than three millennia of Egyptian and Kushitic / Ethiopian History, down to the Christian Era, Nubians either in Egypt or in Kush / Ethiopia / Sudan expressed only a particularity of culture. The traces of Nubian Antiquity that we have collected thus far can help us reconstitute the Ancient Nubian culture as mainstream Egyptian culture (with some extra elements of Nubian individualism).
The same can be said to lesser extent for the earlier stages of Kushitic / Ethiopian Antiquity. The differences between Kerma civilization (1st half of the 2nd millennium BCE) and Upper Egypt are not greater than those existing at the same time between Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. As late as the period of the Ethiopian / Kushitic dynasty of Egypt (730 ? 661 BCE), the ancestors of today´s Oromos and of their brethren, the Arabic speaking Sudanese of Central Sudan, were writing in Egyptian Hieroglyphics and their kings were ruling from Napata, e.g. Karima in today´s Sudan.
Only at the times of the Meroitic period (ca. 450 BCE ? 370 CE), the Ancient Kushites / Ethiopians have developed a totally distinct civilization from the Ancient Egyptian civilization.
In fact, the only Nubian temple that existed before the Christianization of the Nubians was the temple of Maluli at Telmes (Ancient Greek, Talmis), e.g. Kalabsha, south of Aswan in Egypt. Maluli (Mandulis in Ancient Greek) was a Nubian god that was not worshipped by Egyptians, although all the priestly inscriptions of the temple were in Egyptian Hieroglyphics, the holy language and writing of both, the Nubians and the Egyptians. Maluli was never worshipped by Ancient Kushites / Ethiopians either.
With all this cultural, ethnic, political, socioeconomic, artistic, religious and intellectual interaction that lasted so many millennia the ancestors of today´s Amhara and Tigray Abyssinians have nothing to do, being totally unrelated. But the evil Freemasonic Orientalist academia of Europe decided to usurp this heritage from the Arabic speaking, Kushitic people in today´s Central Sudan and the Oromos and attribute it to those who are totally unauthenticated, the Non-African, Semitic Abyssinians.
In a forthcoming article, I will focus on the use of the fake historical term Nubia by the Freemasonic Orientalist academia of Europe, revealing that almost 99% of the times the term is used at the historical level (due to the systematic Fallacy of Ethiopianism), it should be rendered as Kush / Ethiopia, which is Sudan and not Abyssinia.